Over the past few decades, plastics have revolutionized the building and construction industry. For example, plastics play a prominent role in insulation, door and window installation, wiring, piping and roofing. They are also used in wallpapering, flooring, awnings, laminated kitchen surfaces, piping, valves and fittings, and bathroom furniture.
The three common types of plastics used in the building and construction industry are:
- Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) – used in pipes, building materials such as window frames, floor, wall coverings, swimming-pools, cable sheathing and roofing.
- Polyethylene (PE) – used to build pipes and insulated cables.
- Polystyrene (PS) – used in numerous ways from insulation foams to bath and kitchen units.
Why are plastics used in building and construction industry?
Durable and corrosion-free
Plastics are durable and corrosion-free, so they are used in the manufacture of window frames and pipes.
Plastics are easy to handle, transport, and store. They will reduce the need for heavy equipment such as cranes.
Easy to clean and maintain
Plastics are ideal for surfaces that require regular cleaning such as hospital flooring.
Plastic wastes in the building and construction field can be easily recycled.
Today’s plastics are helping architects make modern and sustainable buildings. There are certain advanced plastics that can improve energy efficiency, reduce waste, and CO2 emissions.
Easy to install
The lightweight quality of plastics makes them easier for installation. For instance, fibre reinforced polymer bridges (FRP) can be installed within a few days.
Cost is a vital factor to consider in the construction industry and most plastic materials are economical.
Plastics have a bright future in the building and construction industry as more and more innovative products are coming up every year.